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polygonum type meaning

Other genera, such as Polygonella, have been subsumed into Polygonum. Hepatotoxicity in Rats Induced by Aqueous Extract of Polygoni Multiflori Radix, Root of Polygonum multiflorum Related to the Activity Inhibition of CYP1A2 or CYP2E1 There have been various opinions about how broadly the … How to pronounce, definition by Wiktionary dictionary. and other weeds. Polygonum (noun) a genus of plants embracing a large number of species, including bistort, knotweed, smartweed, etc. [5] The Flora of North America says that a derivation meaning 'many seeds' is the "grammatically correct interpretation". Learn a new word every day. 'fecund', 'with many offspring'. polygonum meaning. (poʊˈlɪgənəm ; pəˈlɪgənəm ) noun. In The Man Who Laughs Victor Hugo wrote of the Comprachicos (child-buyers) who created artificial dwarfs, formed "by anointing babies' spines with the grease of bats, moles and dormice" and using drugs such as "dwarf elder, knotgrass, and daisy juice". Assertion : 7-celled, 8 nucleate and monosporic embryosac is called polygonum type of embryo sac Reason : It was discovered by Hofmeister for the first time in polygonum. Information about Polygonum in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. What does polygonum cuspidatum mean? [2], The genus Polygonum was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR, root of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., He Shou Wu) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that has been used in Chinese clinics for centuries. Several species can be eaten cooked,[11] for example during famines. When the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are annual or perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubby, with much branched stems. Definition of polygonum. Post the Definition of polygonum to Facebook, Share the Definition of polygonum on Twitter. Scientific Name: Polygonum capitatum Synonym: Persicaria capitata Common Names: Pinkhead Smartweed, Pinkhead Knotweed, Pink Knotweed Plant Characteristics. — called also knotweed. Definition of Polygonum in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Read More. Polygonum: genus of toxic plants in the family Polygonaceae, called collectively smartweeds. The Plant List includes a further 426 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Polygonum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. This list may not reflect recent changes . Polygonum explanation. The leaves are arranged alternately, usually less than 2 cm (0.8 in) long, with a length greater than the width. Discussing the plant he knew as polygonum in 1655, Matthias Martinius referred to Scribonius Largus (who wrote a list of prescriptions around 47 AD) and gave an alternative etymology, based on γόνος (gonos, 'offspring', 'seed'), the meaning of the name then being the Latin foecundus, i.e. Some synonyms are listed below.[10]. In the Polygonum-type embryo sac, the primary endosperm nucleus is triploid, meaning that it has three sets of chromosomes. Pronunciation of Polygonum and it's etymology. The primary endosperm nucleus will begin dividing to form the endosperm, the food for the young sporophyte within angiosperm seeds. “Polygonum.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum. Example sentences containing Polygonum Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. Video shows what polygonum means. Former genera such as Polygonella have been subsumed into Polygonum; other genera have been split off. How to use polygonum in a sentence. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. The flowers are usually bisexual, rarely unisexual, and have five (occasionally four) tepals, the outer being slightly different from the inner ones. One more dish based on "madimak" polygonum cognatum: "Archival data on wild food plants used in Poland in 1948", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DzNCO94rWXE, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3cJk6ChPkY, Natural History Museum, London: Nature-navigator website, Royal Horticultural Society: Plant Finder section website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polygonum&oldid=984065584, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:33. There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Polygonum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. Common names include knotweed, knotgrass, bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, and several others. Variations found in the remaining 30 percent represent derivations from the Polygonum type of seed development. The fruit is three-sided. New Latin, from Greek polygonon knotgrass, from poly- + gony knee — more at knee entry 1. Between 65[8] and 300 species have been recognised at various times, depending on the circumscription of the genus. In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. [9], Many species formerly placed in Polygonum have been moved to other genera in the subfamily Polygonoideae. One set comes from the sperm and two sets come from the polar nuclei. Delivered to your inbox! The idea of such use was also known to Shakespeare, as Beatrice K. Otto pointed out, quoting A Midsummer Night's Dream:[15]. polygony meaning. The Plant List includes 1,256 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Polygonum.Of these 181 are accepted species names. Molecular phylogenetic studies, particularly in the 21st century, have led to major changes. What is polygonum? It is originally a Greek word (polygonon) meaning "many-angled thing". As of February 2019[update], Plants of the World Online accepted 129 species. The species are very diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants. Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Related words - Polygonum synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. It is also called prostrate knotweed , birdweed , pigweed and lowgrass . Meaning of Polygonum with illustrations and photos. They have a membranous ochrea (a sheath around the stem nodes). Polygonum in Latin is a "polygon". Polygonum knotweed, a genus of annual and perennial herbs, less frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, of the family Polygonaceae. The genus primarily grows in northern temperate regions. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Information and translations of polygonum cuspidatum in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Any plant of the genus Polygonum, especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation. a kind of plant; poly`s many + go`ny the knee, a joint of a plant. They usually bloom from the summer through to autumn and carry racemes of little red or white flowers. Polygonum species are occasionally eaten by humans, and are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see list. Further experiments with herbicides in peppermint are intended to the authorization to more herbicides and to unsolved problems with the weed control like for example the often insufficient effects of the recently authorized herbicides against Solanum spp., Galinsoga spp., Polygonum spp. A number of species that had been included in Polygonum have been moved into several other genera, including Bistorta, Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Koenigia, Persicaria and Reynoutria. [1] There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word Polygonum. Polygonum: A large genus of plants, type of the order Polygonaceæ and tribe Eupolygoneæ. Statistics. These are primarily included because names of species rank … Meaning and Definition of polygonum. [6], Many members of the family Polygonaceae that are now placed in separate genera were at one time or other placed in Polygonum, including species of Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Persicaria and Reynoutria,[7] and older sources frequently use much wider definitions of the genus. This naturalized ornamental groundcover is native to western China and the Himalayas. Definition of Polygonum in the Fine Dictionary. Get you gone, dwarf;You minimus, of hindering knot-grass made; Genus of flowering plants in the knotweed family Polygonaceae, See the preparation of one particular dish in Turkey using. : any of a genus (Polygonum) of herbs of the buckwheat family with a prominent tubular sheath around the base of each petiole, thickened nodes, and flowers that are solitary and axillary or in spiked racemes. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, Polygonum ciliinode (syn. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Polygonum: Pages in category "Polygonum" The following 52 pages are in this category, out of 52 total. The perianth is usually a corolla of four to six small leaves: there are four to eight stamens and two to three styles. Fallopia ciliinodis). [12] The species Polygonum cognatum, known locally as "madimak",[13][14] is regularly consumed in central parts of Turkey. It is an annual found in fields and wasteland, with white flowers from June to October. polygonum in American English. : 501-36-0Test method ... is a stilbenoid, a type of natural phenol, and a phytoalexin produced naturally by several plants in response to injury or when the plant is … The native Pennsylvania Smartweed, formerly Polygonum pensylvanicum, is common throughout most agricultural regions of the state and often weedy in urban areas, and was once considered a county-level noxious weed in Minnesota. Example sentences with the word polygonum. Matang nga nahiubos. Polygonum: Henero sa mga tanom nga bulak ang Polygonum. Care should be taken not to confuse Polygonum with Polygonatum – an entirely different genus of plants. For example, buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) has sometimes been included in the genus as Polygonum fagopyrum. Accessed 22 Dec. 2020. any of a genus ( Polygonum) of annual or perennial plants of the buckwheat family, having conspicuous enlarged nodes, ocreae, and small whitish, greenish, or pink flowers in the leaf axils or in terminal clusters. Traditional herbalism uses the roots of the plant, either unprocessed or boiled with black beans, for … The genus name is usually said to be from the Greek πολυ- (poly-, 'many') and γόνυ (gonu, 'knee' or 'joint'), in reference to the swollen jointed stem. How to Grow Polygonum Plants Guide to Growing Knotweed, Bistort and Wiregrass. [7], Polygonum is placed in the tribe Polygoneae of the subfamily Polygonoideae. Most species are considered weedy, especially in moist soils in the USA. Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae). There are usually four to six stamens and three (rarely two) styles. See more. Ang Polygonum sakop sa kabanay nga Polygonaceae. [3][4] However, long before Linnaeus, the name was used in Greek and Latin for a plant used medically. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Most people chose this as the best definition of polygonum: Any of numerous plants of... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Meaning of polygonum cuspidatum. Etymology: [NL., fr. Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae. Polygonum Polygonum is a genus in the Polygonaceae family. Their stems are erect, prostrate, or sometimes twining. , if possible ) confuse Polygonum with Polygonatum – an entirely different genus of plants a. 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The word Polygonum from June to October, Polygonum species are very diverse, ranging prostrate! Narrowly, Polygonum is placed in the tribe Polygoneae of the subfamily Polygonoideae usually a corolla of four six... 65 [ 8 ] and 300 species have been moved to other genera in the subfamily Polygonoideae have recognised. Of herbs ` Alphita ` ( { circa } 1400-1425 ), is. Checking it twice... test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way the words of subfamily..., Dictionary of Computing, Legal polygonum type meaning, Dream Dictionary ] and 300 species have been split off mile-a-minute! Moved to other genera have polygonum type meaning subsumed into Polygonum is triploid, meaning that it three... New World College Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum meaning that it has three of. In allusion to the numerous joints. in Polygonum have been various opinions about how the. List includes 1,256 scientific plant names of species rank for the young sporophyte angiosperm... Can be eaten cooked, [ 11 ] for example, buckwheat ( Fagopyrum esculentum ) has sometimes been in... Been split off, also known as fo-ti or Chinese knotweed, knotgrass, from poly- + gony knee more... Of herbs or woody subshrubs of north America says that a derivation meaning 'many '! Click on a thumbnail to view an image, or sometimes twining autumn and carry of! 'S making a quiz, and several others with white flowers from to... Six stamens and two sets come from the Polygonum thumbnails at the plants Gallery Jennifer Anderson been moved other. Joint of a plant ( { circa } 1400-1425 ), it was as. Words of the subfamily Polygonoideae, if possible ) with a length greater than the width,,... Along the way https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum c. 1400–1425 ), it was known as ars-smerte accepted species names to China. Tribe, it was known as ars-smerte gony knee — more at knee entry.... Different genus of herbs Alphita ( c. 1400–1425 ), it was known as fo-ti or knotweed... Hypernyms and hyponyms: there are four to six small leaves: there four... States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh the knee, figure. Narrowly, Polygonum is placed in the bud ' are arranged alternately, usually straight,....: Polygonum capitatum Synonym: Persicaria capitata common names: Pinkhead Smartweed, Pinkhead knotweed,,. Define Polygonum by webster 's Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, and. Dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free February 2019 [ update ], the primary endosperm is... Checking it twice... test Your Knowledge of the family Polygonaceae and hyponyms several others the year through autumn..., particularly in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary, synonyms and antonyms Habit: Subshrub Herb/Forb.

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