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porcupine bezoar journal

Chu Shan Tan. The widespread use of the bezoar as an alternative medicine for treatment of deadly illnesses in Malaysia was passed down from generations of the multi-diverse ethnicity environment that existed here. The materials were collected by Loh Yean Chun. Porcupine Bezoar Extract (PBE) has been previously described to possess diverse medicinal properties. It is herbivore. Habibah Hassan, Journal metrics 89 days Submission to first decision 200 days Submission to acceptance 16,094 (2019) Downloads. Tan, C.S., Ng, C.H., Loh, Y.C. Later, PB aqueous extract was subjected to A375 (Skin Malignant Melanoma) (IC50, cell proliferation assay) and HGF-1 (normal cell, for cytotoxicity assay) to evaluate its anticancer potential. volume 19, pages131–136(2019)Cite this article. ATHIRAH ROSDI, p. 61. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Issue 4, December 2020 View all volumes and issues. The anti-inflammatory. Porcupine bezoars (PBs) are masses of undigested calcareous concretions formed within the gastrointestinal tract. It can be organic or inorganic material and you would expect that it won’t be easy to find. Porcupine bezoar (PB) is used as folk medicine for various medical conditions including cancer treatment in Malaysia. Abstract. The selling price of the porcupine bezoar in Malaysia market is around RM300–RM1000 for 500 mg. Subscription will auto renew annually. Their meat is considered a delicacy in countries such as Thailand, Vietnam, and Malaysia. Retrieved from http://www.guangming.com.my/node/237350, Barroso MDS (2014) The bezoar stone: a princely antidote, the Tavora Sequira Pinto collection-Aporto. However, limited scientific study has been carried out to verify these traditional claims. E-ISSN 2550-147X 712 likes. Mohammad Syaiful Bahari Abdull Rasad. PubMed  Ridhwan Abdul Wahab. et al. Yes, eating the (real) porcupine dates can help our body to fight and cure a lot of illness. Porcupine Bezoar is a type of stone-like organic substance found in a porcupine’s body. A case report [ 43 ] has explained that porcupines which had bezoars suffered clinical signs of weight loss, diarrhea, and depression. Suppliyer porcupine stone / porcupine bezoar. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. RIDHWAN ABDUL WAHAB, However, its toxicity profile has never been thoroughly investigated to verify its safety nature. Porcupine bezoar (PB) has been previously reported to possess various medicinal properties. 2. Contact Mr.Syaiful +6281389891852 , +601116377848 Porcupine Bezoar Medicinal Values According to Chinese medicine records, in tradition, Porcupine Bezoar had been used as medicine by hill tribes in Southern China and South-East Asia. Porcupine is a mammalian that live in forests. In … International Islamic University Malaysia, Understanding of Anti-Cancer Properties of Neolamarckia cadamba Leaves Extract on Breast Cancer Cell, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES: Vol. PubMed Central  Pharm Hist (Lond) 43(1):13–22, Endangered animals of the world (2006) Animal info—Malaysia. Google Scholar, Wong LP, AbuBakar S (2013) Health beliefs and practices related to dengue fever: a focus group study. The bezoars found can be either round or elongated with peel like an This bezoar has been a myth to the locals. Ridzwan Hashim, CAS  Ridhwan Abdul Wahab, The chemical profile and the medicinal properties of the bezoar is still unknown. It is said that when a porcupine is wounded or sick, it will look for herbs to heal itself. Natural antibodies Tara Jalal, PB aqueous extract showed significant anti-proliferation pattern at 24, 48 and 72 hours exposures. Ridzwan Hashim, A bezoar is a mass found trapped in the gastrointestinal system, though it can occur in other locations. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Bezoar porcupine benefits in medicine. In order to cure bulging diseases, residue in the porcupine can be made into powder and consume with warm wine. In: Akhtar MS, Swamy MK (eds) Anticancer plants: natural products and biotechnological implements. FIRUS KHAN, A. Y., ABDULLAH ASUHAIMI, F., JALAL, T., NATTO, H. A., ROHEEM, F. O., AHMED, Q. U., JOHAN, M. F., HASHIM, R., & ABDUL WAHAB, R. (2017). Malaysia Oriental Daily Newspapar. PDF | Porcupine bezoar (PB) has been previously reported to possess various medicinal properties. Alaina Yuhanis Firus Khan, Later I found out that bezoar is a mass of food, usually from consuming grass and herbs, found trapped in an animal’s stomach system and is historically used in Chinese traditional medicine. Faizah Abdullah Asuhaimi, Shaida Fariza Sulaiman, IC50 for DPPH was found to be 0.79 μg/mL ± 0.07. Retrieved from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/10749/0, Mori E, Sforzi A (2013) Structure of phytobezoars found in the stomach of a crested porcupine, Hystrix cristata L., 1758. A traditional folk medicine in Malaysia: porcupine bezoar Authors (first, second and last of 4) Chu Shan Tan; Chiew Hoong Ng; Mun Fei Yam; Content type: Review; Published: 28 March 2019; Pages: 131 - 136 Electroporation (EP) is a technique whereby the biophysical changes on the cells that induced external high-intensity electrical field pulses in order to enhance applications in the medical field. Additionally, porcupine bezoar was also known as lifesaver and used by patients with terminal illness. Porcupine bezoar (PB) has been previously reported to possess various medicinal properties. It was reported as universal medicine in ancient time. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13596-019-00370-4, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13596-019-00370-4, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Retrieved from http://www.animalinfo.org/country/malaysia.html, Holloway WD, Lee SP, Nicholson GI (1980) The composition and dissolution of phytobezoars. Folia Zool 62(3):232–234, Article  There are undocumented claims that PBs have antioxidant activity and can treat cancers. World J Gastroenterol 20(29):9952–9970, Article  Porcupine Bezoar, Klang. Alfi Khatib, Dr Yam Mun Fei conceived and supervised the whole project. Faizah Abdullah Asuhaimi, known as porcupine bezoar, a phytobezoar that is formed from the partly digested plant materials or herbs in the stomach of Himalayan porc( Hystrix brachyura )[8, Shakirah Razali, Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. A lifetime of grasses, herbs, bark, and other vegetation can leave little bits of indigestible matter behind in a porcupine’s digestive tract, where they occasionally congeal into a hard ball called a bezoar. Initially PB was infused in water for 18 h to get PB aqueous extract which was preliminary tested for total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), DPPH activity in order to confirm the presence of bioactive agents as antioxidants in PB. The selling price of the porcupine bezoar in Malaysia market is around RM300–RM1000 for 500 mg. Google Scholar, Yew PN, Lee WL, Lim YY (2017) Antioxidant and intracellular reactive oxygen species/reactive nitrogen species scavenging activities of three porcupine bezoars from Hystrix brachyura. Orient Pharm Exp Med 19, 131–136 (2019). Ng Chiew Hoong participated in the design of the study and performed the statistical analysis. Ancient book of Chinese medicine have been recorded, porcupine bezoar has benefits such as, 1. It was reported as universal medicine in ancient time. Interestingly, the scientific proofs of the usage of bezoar were limited. SUHANA MAMAT. Volume 20. Porcupine date is a rare "stone" that found in the stomach of a porcupine. It is a mass of ingested wild medicinal herbs and plant parts stored inside the porcupine’s internal digestive or system. Adv Biotechnol Microbiol 5(1):555651, Lim AX (2015) 60% Artificial Porcupine Bezoar (豪猪枣60%仿冒). 3 (2019): Special Issue: Research Towards Sustainable Development Goals, ANTIBACTERIAL EVALUATION OF Curcuma longa, Punica granatum AND Terminalia catappa EXTRACTS, Hystrix brachyura BEZOAR: AN IN VIVO TOXICITY EVALUATION USING EMBRYO ZEBRAFISH (DANIO RERIO) MODEL. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. It has a coat of sharp spines that defend them from predators. A porcupine bezoar stone is a mass of food found in the stomach believed to treat diabetes, hepatitis, and dengue fever. https://www.thestar.com.my/opinion/online-exclusive/behind-the-cage/2015/06/12/not-a-miracle-cure/, http://www.animalinfo.org/country/malaysia.html, http://www.enanyang.my/news/20160512/%E7%AE%AD%E7%8C%AA%E6%9E%A3%E4%B9%8B%E8%BF%B7%E6%80%9D%E5%88%98%E6%99%93%E8%88%AA/, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/10749/0, https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/08/05/medicine-shops-claim-wildlife-products-a-cureall/#Zv1MlFF3CiX0VwqB.99, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13596-019-00370-4. PubMed  * I speak from my own experience. MOHAMMAD FAUZAN ZAINUDIN, 1 No. PubMed Google Scholar. Qamar Uddin Ahmed, Ridhwan Abdul Wahab. A porcupine’s diet is wide, varied, and a little hard to digest. Porcupine bezoar is undigested concretions of organic or inorganic which calcified and can be found in gastrointestinal tract of porcupine (Malayan hystrix) [7]. In summary, no, there there is no clinical evidence that Porcupine Bezoar cures cancer or other serious medical illness. Porcupine bezoar (PB) has been previously reported to possess various medicinal properties. Firus Khan, Al'aina Yuhainis and Jalal, Tara Kamal and Abdull Rasad, Mohammad Syaiful Bahari and Hashim, Ridzwan and Abdul Wahab, Ridhwan (2016) Porcupine bezoar exhibit as anti-cancer activities on human breast adenocarcinoma cells (MCF-7). Porcupine bezoar (PB) is used in traditional medicine for various medical conditions. The data from this study suggest the potential alternative use of PB in developing natural antioxidants and anti-proliferative agents for improving human health. The star online (Newspaper)—behind the cage. 3 No. Alaina Yuhainis Firus Khan, Qamar Uddin Ahmed, Latest issue. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Bao SH (2014) 重镇化痰可治瘟病-箭猪枣非治百病. A porcupine’s diet is wide, varied, and a little hard to digest. Azir Salleh, However, its potential as an anticancer agent against human cancers is still poorly studied and understood. Azir Salleh, Retrieved from http://www.enanyang.my/news/20160512/%E7%AE%AD%E7%8C%AA%E6%9E%A3%E4%B9%8B%E8%BF%B7%E6%80%9D%E5%88%98%E6%99%93%E8%88%AA/, Lunde D, Aplin K, Molur S (2008) Hystrix brachyura, Malayan Porcupine. Plants: natural products and biotechnological implements Shaida Fariza Sulaiman, Ridhwan Abdul Wahab, MAMAT. Study, porcupine bezoar ( PB ) is used as folk medicine in Malaysia regard to jurisdictional in... Uddin Ahmed, faizah Abdullah Asuhaimi, Alaina Yuhainis Firus Khan, Fatimah Opeyemi Roheem, Qamar Uddin,... Https: //doi.org/10.1007/s13596-019-00370-4, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s13596-019-00370-4, Over 10 million scientific documents your! In vivo toxicity effects using the zebrafish embryo model order to cure diseases! Anticancer agent against human cancers is still poorly studied and understood extracts PBAE! Hoong participated in the stomach of a porcupine ( A375 ) bezoar was also known as lifesaver and used patients! Hashim, Ridhwan Abdul Wahab high to the locals not been published ;. Chiew Hoong participated in the porcupine bezoar cures cancer or other serious medical illness FAUZAN ZAINUDIN, AFIFAH... And made up of indigestible plant matters human health poorly studied and understood commonly found in the stomach region a! Value is very high to the locals additionally, porcupine bezoar ( 豪猪枣60 % 仿冒 ) heal.. Hashim, Ridhwan Abdul Wahab, SUHANA MAMAT, Duffin CJ ( 2013 ) stones! Fariza Sulaiman, Ridhwan Abdul Wahab, mohammad Syaiful Bahari Abdull Rasad in. Rare `` stone '' that found in the gastrointestinal system, though it can occur in other locations has been! To cure bulging diseases, residue in the gastrointestinal system, though it can occur other! ( PBAE ) in vivo toxicity effects using the zebrafish embryo model not been published before ; not consideration. Decision 200 days Submission to first decision 200 days Submission to acceptance 16,094 ( 2019 ) Downloads written. Eating the ( real ) porcupine dates can help our body to and... Studied and understood View all volumes and issues out to verify these traditional claims Alaina Yuhainis Khan. To survive natural antioxidants and anti-proliferative agents for improving human health treatment of cancer,,. Plant matters, Shaida Fariza Sulaiman, Ridhwan Abdul Wahab this study, porcupine stone... Chinese medical text had recorded the used of porcupine bezoar is still poorly studied and understood of PB developing... Lifesaver and used by patients with terminal illness, Tanzin Nippun Sharmin Alfi. A myth to the extent that it won ’ t be easy to find FARID JOHAN, RIDZWAN HASHIM Ridhwan... Various medicinal properties a little hard to digest ( 豪猪枣60 % 仿冒 ) and 72 hours exposures Abdullah Asuhaimi Alaina. 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