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wikipedia crested porcupine

Hystrix cristata is part of the family Hystricidae. They are nocturnal and monogamous. [2][3][12][13] Because they are cecal digesters, they are able to exploit low quality forage. [10][11], Indian crested porcupines have a very broad and mostly herbivorous diet. Other resolutions: 320 × 240 pixels | 640 × 480 pixels | 1,024 × 768 pixels | 1,280 × 960 pixels. [4] It can also rattle the hollow quills at the base of its tail, stomp its feet, growl, grunt, or charge backward into the threat.[4]. [7], The Indian crested porcupine is semifossorial. These are the countries from which the crested porcupine is known: Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The morphology of the penis in porcupine (Hystrix cristata)", "The mounting and copulation behaviour of the crested porcupine, http://www.wildafrica.cz/images/animals/413_dikobraz-obecny.jpg, http://stoneplus.cst.cmich.edu/zoogems/porc%20quills-HatchNecklace.jpg, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crested_porcupine&oldid=993912568, Articles needing additional references from April 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Tigrinya-language text, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Articles containing West Central Oromo-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 04:01. Crested porcupine. File:Indian Crested Porcupine.JPG. [1], The Indian crested porcupine is a large rodent, weighing 11–18 kg. [6] Contrary to popular belief, Indian crested porcupines (like all porcupines) cannot shoot their quills. The ears are external and both the eyes and ears are very small with long vibrissae on its head. [8] More specifically, the northern range of the Indian crested porcupine is limited by minimum summer night duration: they do not occur above latitudes where minimum night duration is less than 7 hours, presumably because of the amount of foraging time required to meet their dietary needs. The paws have naked and padded soles and have a plantigrade gait. [1] However, as a result of urbanization, infrastructure development, and pesticide use, suitable porcupine habitat is currently declining. Almost the entire body is covered with bristles which are either dark brown or black and rather coarse. [18] When excited or scared, a porcupine stands its quills up to appear larger. The crested porcupine is found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Like all members of the family Hystricidae, the crested porcupine is covered in fearsome quills of varying lengths and thickness which provide it highly effectiv… They are nocturnal and monogamous. Fasciculus; Historia fasciculi; Nexus ad fasciculum; Usus fasciculi per inceptus Vicimediorum; Metadata; Mensura huius perspectionis: 783 × 600 elementa imaginalia. Porcupines occupy a small range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Southern Europe, Africa, and North and South America. [19][20] Because they do not climb or jump well, they spend most of their lives on or under the ground. The crested porcupine is for the most part herbivorous, eating roots, bulbs, and leaves, but occasionally they do consume insects, small vertebrates, and carrion. [2] Both adults and weaned juveniles spend an average of 7 hours foraging every night. [2] Like all porcupines, the Indian crested porcupine has a good sense of smell and sharp, chisel-like incisors. The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest, hence its common name of crested porcupine. They live in forests and deserts, rocky outcrops, and hillsides. It belongs to the Old World porcupine family, Hystricidae. Ask questions, get answers. Also, some sturdier quills which are about 35 cm (14 in) in length run along the sides and back half of the body. They are mostly nocturnal, and they may wander upon the skeletons of many animals. [5][26] It is traded for consumption and medicinal use. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length around 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. Crested porcupines, distributed from southern Italy to northern and Sub-Saharan Africa, are the world's largest porcupines. The Indian crested porcupine (Hystrix indica) is a hystricomorph rodent species native to southern Asia and the Middle East. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. [1] Their range seems to be limited by seasonal densities of forage and the availability of suitable substrates for digging burrows. C'est un animal terrestre nocturne qui se rencontre au sud de l'Europe et surtout en Afrique où il est chassé pour sa chair. Musique. Once visitors have enjoyed the Road Safari section of the Park, they will naturally progress … The porcupine was thought to have been introduced to Italy by the Romans, but fossil and subfossil remains suggest it was possibly present in Europe in the Upper Pleistocene. [2], The Indian crested porcupine is protected under the India Schedule IV of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, amended up to 2002. [1] They prefer rocky hillsides,[2] but are also common in tropical and temperate shrublands, grasslands, forests, plantations, and gardens. English: skeleton of crested porcupine. Indian crested porcupines mate in February and March. The rattle quills broaden at the terminal end and the broad portion is hollow with thin walls. Within the first week of their lives, young porcupines begin to venture from the den, by which time their spines start hardening. The front feet of the crested porcupine have four developed and clawed digits with a regressed thumb, the rear feet have five. [9][18][19] They tend to avoid moonlight in the winter months, which could be a strategy to evade predation. [9][17] For these reasons, they are often regarded as a nuisance. The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. Deutsch: Stachelschwein (Hystrix cristata) im Wildpark Lüneburger Heide. The crested porcupine takes care of the young for a long time and small family groups consist of the adult pair and young of various ages. [5] A female gives birth to one brood of two to four offspring per year. These sturdier quills are used, for the most part, for defense and are usually marked with light and dark bands which alternate; these are not firmly attached. La Banc de Porcupine (« Porcupine Bank » pour les anglophones) est une structure géomorphologique sous-marine jouxtant limitant la Baie de Porcupine qui forme un bassin sédimentaire au large (Sud-ouest) de l'Irlande en bordure du plateau continental de l'Atlantique Nord-Est. [4] Each quill is connected to a muscle at its base, allowing the porcupine to raise its quills when it feels threatened. Au recensement de l'an 2010, la population s'élevait à 1 062 habitants. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. Three species of Old World porcupine are found in China: the Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine, Indian crested porcupine, and Malayan porcupine. The crested porcupine takes care of the young for a long time and small family groups consist of the adult pair and young of various ages. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. Second, the angular process is inflected on the lower jaw, and third, the nasal cavity is enlarged. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Crested porcupine article. English: Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata) in the Lüneburg Heath wildlife park, Germany. [4] The longest quills are located on the neck and shoulder, where the quills form a "skirt" around the animal. Le Porc-épic à crête (Hystrix cristata), est une espèce de mammifères rongeurs de la famille des Hystricidae, qui regroupe les porcs-épics de l'Ancien Monde. [4] These quills can grow up to 51 cm (20 in) long,[4] with most measuring between 15 and 30 cm. If continually bothered, the crested porcupine will stamp its feet, whirr the quills, and charge the disturber back end first trying to stab the enemy with the thicker, shorter quills. [2], It is covered in multiple layers of modified hair called quills, with longer, thinner quills covering a layer of shorter, thicker ones. [15][16] They are also considered serious agricultural pests in many parts of their range due to their taste for agricultural crops. Crested porcupine in Odessa zoo.jpg 4 320 × 3 240 ; 4,74 Mio. One or two very well developed young are born in a chamber within the burrow that is usually lined with grass, after a 66-day gestation period, on average. Date: 1821: Source: Die vergleichende Osteologie: Auteur: Pander, Christian Heinrich, 1794-1865: Autorisation (Réutilisation de ce fichier) Public domain Public domain false false: Cette œuvre est dans le domaine public aux États-Unis car elle a été publiée avant le 1 er janvier 1925. Among the other wildlife found in the Tswapong Range, the leopard, brown hyena, kudu, rock hyrax, baboon and crested porcupine deserve mention. The young weigh about 1,000 g (2.2 lb) at birth, which is about 5% of the mother's weight. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. [18] However, during summer months they do not avoid moonlight (likely because there are less dark hours during which to forage), but instead tend to stay closer to their dens. It is one of the largest rodents in the world.[3]. Eight species are placed in the genus Hystrix, only two of which are found outside of Asia. Usually, female crested porcupines have one litter every year. It has been recorded from sea level to 2,550 m (8,370 ft) in Moroccan Anti-Atlas. At this time, the spines begin to harden. 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